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Saturday, September 24, 2011



Read the following sentence:

Direct:     He said ,"How are you?"
                 I said,"I am fine."
Indirect:  He asked me how I was.I replied that I was fine.

Direct:    They said,"Why do you like to play?"
                We said,"To defeat you."
Indirect:  They asked us why we liked to play.We replied that we played to defeat them.

If any one ask a question and the other answer ,ask will be used as reporting for question and reply will be used for answer.Other changes will be according to the previous changing rules.

Read the bellow sentence:

Direct:    He said."Yes.I can do."
Indirect:  He replied in the affirmative that he could do.
Direct:    She said,"No, I can not swim."
Indirect:  She replied in the negative that she could not swim.

If there is 'yes /no' in a reported speech,the reporting verb will be replaced by reply in the affirmative for yes and reply in the negative for no.

Read the bellow sentence:

Direct:   He said,"Are you well ,Hans?"
Indirect: He asked Hasan if he was well.
Direct:   They said,"Why are you crying,Deb?
Indirect: They asked Deb why he was crying.

If there is any proper noun in a reported speech,the proper noun will be the object of the reporting in indirect speech.

Read the bellow sentence:

Direct:    He said,Are you hungry,friends?
Indirect:  Addressing them as friend he asked if they were hungry.

If there is any vocative case in reported speech,the indirect speech will be started with addressing as.

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