Rules for finding out determiner,modifier,headword.finite,phrase in a sentence in an ease way:-
Determiner:generally determiner are seen at first in a sentence.
Modifier:the word or words between determiner and headword is modifier.
Headword:the subject of a sentence.
Participle phrase:v-ing/v-p.p/having +verb-p.p/noun are participle phrase.
Infinitive phrase:to +verb +noun is an infinitive phrase
prepositional phrase:prep. +noun
finite:two or more verb of a sentence.
For example:The learned professor teaching english in our college has gone to Dhaka to meet his friend.
Here the *deter.learned *modify.professor *head w.teaching english *parti.phrase.in our college/to dhaka *prep. Phrase.has gone *verb phrase.to meet*infinitive phrase.his friend*noun phrase